[POST COMING SOON]
Today we had our last Portuguese class! I am sad that it is over, as it has been an amazing experience, with an amazing instructor. I have really enjoyed how he has engaged us as a class through class activities, which has helped us all learn the language in unique and fun ways. For example, this morning we were each given a statement in Portuguese and were asked to go around the room and find someone who agreed with the sentence. Another exercise included matching pictures of food with it Portuguese names. After all our hard work we decided as a class to go out and celebrate our last class by having some ice cream!
After a wonderful lunch with my family, we had a free afternoon. We all decided to do different things with some people choosing to spend the afternoon with their families, others decided to go shopping at the Shopping Bahia (a big mall), while others searched out more adventurous things to do. For me, Bahia will always have a special place in my heart and will be something that I will carry with me forever.
After our enjoyable afternoon, it was time for a surprise birthday party for Lu! Lu is Clara’s secretary who works very hard at what she does. She radiates positive energy and happiness around the room with unconditional love. It was so difficult for some of us to keep it a secret from her. We (the students), always stop by her office to say hello and see how she is doing. At the same time, we then sneak into Clara’s office (next to Lu’s office) to take some of her amazing marajuca candy, without getting caught by Clara. That is hard to do! Jenni and I are definitely, without a doubt, the candy thieves of our group.
The party was so much fun! Almost everyone was there – including all of the UNL students, our host moms, all of the other host moms involved in Clara’s programs, our tour guide (Fred), and Lu’s daughter and brother. At first, I was a little anxious because the only food that was being served was finger food (and I was starving). But let me tell you, the finger food was delicious and filled all of us up. During the entire evening the host moms were walking around the room with the trays of food, almost forcing us to keep eating. Back to the surprise, Lu was shocked and was in tears. We were all singing and clapping as she walked in.
It was so exciting for all of us to experience our first Brazilian surprise birthday party. We danced, ate lots of food, and enjoyed each other’s company. This was also a special moment for Clara and Lu because tonight was the first time they have been able to gather study abroad students for her birthday party. Clara mentioned that they have been trying to do it for five years and it finally happened! Overall, we all had so much fun and we enjoyed our second to last night in Salvador, Brazil. Happy Birthday Lu! You will be missed by all of us.
Thanks for tuning in!
— Jenni Pallas and Colin VonSeggern
Today was our second and last day in Arembepe. Other than a group lunch at 1:30, we had most of the day to spend it how we chose! Most people did their own thing. I woke up around 9:30 and enjoyed breakfast on the patio with four of my classmates.
After that, I changed into my swimsuit and went to the pool at our resort! I spent a couple of hours out there while some of my classmates chose to walk along the beach, go swimming in the ocean, or ride bikes around the town! At 12:00 a few of us decided to take a nap and just relax in the hammocks at the resort!
For lunch, we had cozido, a traditional dish that highlights many different types of meats (beef, pork and sausages), with a rich gravy and a large array of cooked vegetables. It was delicious, and was a different experience from the traditional beans and rice that we have had at almost every meal. Following Almoço, we all resumed resting, retreating back to the cool rooms, swaying hammocks, and soft sands.
Sleeping, taking a walk on the beach, and chatting were common, while I sang a personal concert in my room. Just before 4 we all started to pack. Colin tried to smuggle the air conditioning remote in his bag (for a souvenir) but he was confronted by the staff and forced to hand it over. You have to keep your eye on Colin J. We left the charming grounds of A Capela behind, but before we left Arenbepe for good, we went to the Hippie village just outside of town.
The community has been around for over 3 generations where it was founded in the 1960’s. Famous people around the world had visited, and even lived in this community. For example, Mick Jagger, Janice Joplin and Jack Nicholson are just a few.
It was interesting being in such a unique place, as it is the only hippie community that has survived since the 1960’s. Members of this community still embrace the “free love” idea as well as opposing war. All of the houses were shaped oddly on purpose to reflect their unique society. Most of the homes still do not have running water, or electricity.
We flip-flopped through the community and saw the ingenuity that was needed to build the fairytale-like houses, mostly with materials and scrap pieces they were able to find. We were then given an opportunity to buy handmade jewelry that the community makes by hand and sells. This is the primary way that the community is able to make money.
These last two days at Arembepe was much needed times for us to self-reflect, and process the great experiences we have had during the last two weeks. I can’t believe we only have a few days left.
— Crytal Feik & Rylan Korpi
[POST COMING SOON]
This was our first full free day we have had while in Salvador. As a group we decided to spend it shopping so we headed to one of the most famous markets in Salvador, the Mercado Modelo. We were excited as we entered a huge building filled with rows and rows of shops with traditional crafts, art, hammocks and trinketsl. We did our best negotiating a fair price in a language we didn’t understand. We were grateful that the shopkeepers were patient with all of us, and we recognized quickly that learning how to negotiate in a foreign language is an art. Fortunately, most of learned to communicate through the use of a calculator, where we went back and forth in our negotiation process until both parties were happy.
Most of us left the Mercado Modelo with smiles on our faces as we left with unique souvenirs for ourselves and our loved ones. We then decided to go to continue our shopping spree at Pelourinho area (your welcome!). For lunch some of us went home, while others decided to go to a restaurant. Fun fact, after searching for a place where we could eat pizza, we learned that this type of meal is only served for dinner. Who would have thought?
To the beach!!! After lunch we all decided to spend the afternoon relaxing in the sun.
We have learned, seen, and done so much over the last 15 days, that having some down time was greatly appreciated. I have been amazed with how packed each day has been with new experiences.
Then the rain came. Fortunately, we had enough towels to protect our phones and shirt; but our towels didn’t fair so well. Luckily it was warm enough that by the time we arrived at our homes, we were dry and warm.
After returning from the beach and getting a much-needed shower several of us took naps, and then ate an amazing dinner. For most it was a time to relax and recoup before some planned activities we made for the evening. I chose to stay home, catch up on some relaxing and enjoy some time with my family here in Brazil. I also got to talk to family back home and relax in paradise. In reality this place is sooo beautiful with so much culture, opportunity, and many lessons. It’s nice to have some time to reflect, relax, and process all that we have experienced here before we go in to our last week in Brazil. We’ve gotten to a point where we feel mostly at home with our host families and we are more familiar with the culture. In reality, living with a family has been one of the best things for this trip because you are able to learn and live the culture that is around you.
— Chris Neu
[POST COMING SOON]
I started the morning off by waking up at 5am. I needed to catch up on journaling and finish my Portuguese homework. For breakfast I had fruits and mango juice. ‘Minha mãe’ had made me bananas with honey and granola. Most of us have fruits for breakfast every morning. Brazilian really like having fruits at every meal. I don’t mind it. We have came to a conclusion with the group that the fruits here taste much better than the ones in the United States.
We usually walk with a group of students but this morning only Jenni and I walked to ICR together. During Portuguese class we had conversations with each other in Portuguese. We are not fluent yet but we can understand a lot more than the first day of class. Even Sidney said our Portuguese is getting a little better. During class this morning, we learned about food. We all know this group loves food. ‘Comida é meu amor!’ We spent the last 20 minutes of Portuguese class watching ‘comida’ videos. We all left very hungry. ‘Muito obrigada’ Sidney!
Jenni, Liesl, Colin, Crystal, Chris and I all walked back to our places together. As we were walking all we could talk about is how hungry we are and hope that ‘almoço’ would be ready. As soon as I got home, minha mãe, already had lunch prepared. All I needed to do was wash my hands.
For ‘almaço’ we had fish, rice, beans, cracked wheat with salad. The cracked wheat salad was amazing. It reminded me of home because my mom makes something very similar to it.
Before we met up at ICR for our afternoon activities, Colin, Chris, Jaylen, Jenni, and I went to McDonald’s to get ice cream and fries. We struggled with ordering but we were able to figure it out. When I asked for fries and the cashier said ‘não’. I wasn’t sure if they were out of fries and with my limited Portugues abilities, I decided to just settled for an ice cream sundae.
Before our afternoon activities we had a small debriefing session with the professors were we talked about Xavier’s lecture and how it prepared us for meeting with people from the Instituto Cultural Steve Biko. In the shuttle Simone our tour guide for the day gave us a small history lesson on who Steve Biko was, and why this program is so important to Afro Brazilians in Bahia.
Simone mentioned that the public universities are the best in Brazil. But the best way to get into a public university is to be in a private school K-12th grade. Since that was not possible for everyone in Brazil due to the high costs of private schools, the Steve Biko institution has provided intense tutoring to help prepare students of Afro-Brazilian descent, for the national examinations to get into public universities. This is needed because public K-12 schools are not able to sufficiently prepare students for this exam, and are disadvantaged when compared to those students who are in private schools. This exam is called the Enem exam.
This program started almost 30 years ago. It was founded on July 31,1990. It was founded through the initiative of African Brazilian teachers and students. It was started because there was a concern for the absence of students of African descent in Bahian universities. The goal was and is still to bridge the racial divide that maintained the generational cycle of poverty in low-income communities and bring power back to Afro-Brazilian people through access to education to better their community and ensure a more dignified, equal insertion into Brazilian society.
According to our presenter, 52% of Brazil are made up of black or bi-racial people. In Bahia this statistics is dramatically higher, with 82% of Bahia identifying as black or bi-racial. Despite this statistic only 2% of professors in the state of Bahia are black. We continued to discuss the disparities that exist in Brazilian’s educational system that has disadvantaged the poor, and those of African descent. This discussion has helped us see that while racism may look different in Brazil, it exists and is evident in those who actually attend Universities. It was eye opening to see this contrast in a state in which over 80% of the population has African descent.
Some of the highlights of this presentation included a timeline We were given the opportunity to listen to about the history lesson of Brazil and what it took to get affirmative action. Here is a timeline to understand and follow along:
Slavery timeline in Brazil:
1500: Portuguese arrived in Brazil
1550: Enslaved Africans started to come. The main work in Brazil was sugar cane. (Did you know Salvador was the capital of Brazil until 1763? I didn’t know that.) During the next 300 years the Portuguese kept bringing Africans to Brazil. In1850, this law was created to stop bringing African slaves to Brazil. In 1871, Lei do Ventre Livre (Law of the Free Womb): was a law that declared people who were born in Brazil could not be enslaved or considered enslaved. It allowed black population to work and buy freedom. The child/children were free but mothers and fathers weren’t. Then in 1885, the law Lei Sexagenório was created. It was a law that if you were older than 60 years old you were considered free. The government expected that the Africans would have an expectation of life that was around 30 years. In 1888, the lawLei Aurea was created. It was to abolish slavery in Brazil. This is the year Rio de Janeiro became the capital of Brazil. At this time of history, whitening actions became a majority of white in the Southeast part of the country. In 2001, the Durban conference in South Africa was impactful to Brazil. Brazil brought a white delegate to the conference and that is where they announced that specific actions of Brazil would take place. Brazil made an agreement that they would be committed to fight against the struggle of racism. In 2003, the first affirmative action in Brazil was officially signed. On January 9th, 2003, President LULA signed the law 10639/03 – the law was that the history of the black and the history of the Indigenous would be taught in schools and universities.There was about 10 years of experience in affirmative action in Brazil, to get a law created they need to get experiences from universities that are top of rankings and good grades to make any law official. The law was finally official in 2012.
All that history created an exam for students to take. The exam is the ENEM exam. It is a national exam for students to take to get into a public university that they want to go to. This is where the Instituto Cultural Steve Biko comes in. The Steve Biko institution gives students the opportunity to prepare for the ENEM exam. The exam can cost from 80 reais to 100 reais. ($21-$27 US dollars). That may not seem like a lot to someone that doesn’t come from a low income family. But to someone that can’t afford it, it is a lot especially if you don’t pass it the first time and have to retake it. The institution offers geometry, chemistry, geography, and black consciousness and citizenship. This part of this course is supposed to be taught in elementary school. The Steve Biko institution goes into more detail about the history of black consciousness and citizenship. I found it very fascinating that their curriculum is African-centered to include the students’ rich African heritage, history and culture.
Students can also identify themselves black for the school system. They will do a BANCA DE VERIFICAÇÃO. This is an interview that each student will do based on the quotas and racial interactions. During the interview they are asked questions such as “why do you consider yourself black?”, their physical traits and self declaration. But the main qualifications to be accepted in this program/school is having a desire to learn and coming from a low-income families. The Steve Biko institution has a very selective process that all students go through to get accepted. This is because they do not have very much space and funds to accept all students. With that being said, the institution has a partnership with the Coca Cola foundation in the United States. They help keep the preparatory courses in place and keeps the course working. They also help with the remodeling of the Steve Biko institution.
The Instituto Cultural Steve Biko also has an exchange program with the state of California. The students come to Salvador, Bahia, Brazil for 6 months. They help with the English class and do research while they are at the institution.
Almost each one of us bought a shirt from the institution. I will wear the shirt with pride and love when I get back to Nebraska! The trip to the Steve Biko institution has made me realize almost how easy it is to get into a good university in America. It is something that we take for advantage in the US. At the same it is an eye opener for us many of us as well. (This shirt is posted above.)
We returned back to our homes around 5:30pm. In the van, some students talked about going out later tonight to the coffee shop and others decided that since we have a busy day the next day that they won’t go out. I was one of the ones that decided to stay home and hang out with my ’Mãe’. I had a light dinner that consisted of bread and cheese. And of course the famous Guaraná. We watch a novella together. I didn’t understand what was being said but I still had a good time with my ‘Mãe.’
Tchau por agora!
— Fatima A.